Gagauzes are A orthodox christian turkic-speaking individuals, the descendants associated with the nomadic Oghuz tribes. The Ukrainian Gagauzes happen compactly moving into the villages and urban centers of Bessarabia (Budzhak). The Gagauz tradition, traditions, and food have changed considering that the use of Christianity. Nowadays the tradition of celebrating one of many major holiday breaks of this Gagauz individuals, Hederlez or Saint George’s Day, is combining pagan, Muslim, and Christian elements.
Vynohradivka is a town in Bessarabia, that has been created by the Gagauzes and Bulgarians into the very early century that is 19th. The town ended up being unofficially divided in to the Bulgarian and also the Gagauz components. The founders of Vynohradivka (the name that is old of town had been Kurcu) originated in the villages Akbiri and Balchik in Bulgaria. In accordance with the legend now told through the locals, whenever Gagauzes and Bulgarians stumbled on this land, they first allow their lambs out to graze. They made a decision to subside where in fact the lambs discovered meals.
Nowadays the individuals of Vynohradivka earnestly help and develop the Gagauz tradition and discover their mom tongue. The Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine supports book of textbooks for the neighborhood kiddies to discover the Gagauz language . Besides, the Regional Centre of Gagauz tradition and a museum had been created in Vynohradivka. Composer of the very first textbooks, in addition to manager of this Сultural Сentre, is Olga Kulaksyz.
Through the ancient times, the Gagauz calendar had a unique function: it approximately divided the entire year into two periods — summer time and cold weather. Each started with one of the primary Gagauz vacations: Hederlez and Kas?m. This division is related to sheep agriculture, which was the primary task of those individuals for hundreds of years. Summertime started using the Hederlez vacation whenever an agreement was made by the herd owners utilizing the shepherds and handed the herds up to them for grazing. As soon as the time arrived to go back the herds, it signified the start of winter months duration. These holiday breaks are provided by many people peoples that are turkic. The holiday season got spiritual context later on, after Gagauzes adopted Christianity.
The Gagauz Hederlez
Hederlez * * Ay Yorgi — Saint George’s Day — could be the getaway associated with the world’s revival, the initial dew, the first offspring. It really is probably the most honoured breaks for many Turkic individuals. The Christian that is orthodox gagauzes this holiday Saint George’s Day and honour it just as much as Easter. Time and ways of celebration somewhat vary when it comes to peoples that are different. Crimean Tatars, for instance, celebrate Hederlez on the initial Friday of might, while for the Gagauzes it is from the 6th of May.
This holiday is associated with a meeting of Islamic prophets Illia (Ilyas) and al-Khidr (Khedher) on earth in Muslim tradition. Ilyas, that is considered to be the patron of water and cattle, arises from the western. Khedher, in change, arises from the East and it is the patron of people. Names associated with two prophets are combined into the true title associated with getaway. The very first day’s Hederlez event could be the day if they meet, that the Turkic people think become in the very first week of might.
In Vynohradivka, Hederlez is celebrated from the 6th of might. About this time, they typically prepare kurban , the meat of a sacrificed lamb; kurban bulguru (pirinci) , porr >kurban ekmiaia , bread. The term “kurban” itself means “sacrifice” .
A significant part regarding the visit to Vynohradivka is planning a dish called kurban bulguru . An entire carcass of the lamb has been donated to your mind associated with the neighborhood church. Villagers genuinely believe that this brings welfare, comfort and wellness to families into the year that is next.
Everyone else within the village is invited when it comes to party. anyone can participate in company regarding the celebrations:
— who would like can add a sacrificed lamb. find a bride This kind of contribution is known to create health that is good. If you have no lamb in a family group, it could since very well be purchased.
Villages with churches known as after Saint George celebrate the Temple Day (the afternoon associated with the Village) with this time. The church in Vynohradivka is truly named after Saint George, and so the tradition is well-kept.
Then this holiday is celebrated in family circle if newlyweds have chosen Saint George as the protector of their family, or head of the family’s name is George.
Event may be divided in to two phases: spiritual and entertaining. Each morning, villagers visit church when it comes to holy solution, after which they gather for getaway supper and celebrations.
Then the meal will consist of lean dishes only if Hederlez falls on one of fasting days, like Friday. Fish soup, boiled and fried seafood, pickled herring would be offered rather than meat.
Following the supper, it is time for celebrations. In past times, horse events, sport competitions, and wrestling had been typically held. Now the structure changed only a little, as Olga Kulaksyz states:
In Vynohradivka we now have no proper area to hold a horse battle, despite the fact that we do have horses. We conduct sport games feasible to organise: checkers, chess, soccer, wrestling. Wrestling is extremely popular within our area. Additionally the part that is indispensable the concert.
Artists from other villages of Bessarabia and Gagauzia are invited to do.
Saint George’s is also celebrated by the Bulgarians of Vynohradivka day. All those who once left the village come back home for the holiday. Some event traditions because of this vacation are very different for Gagauzes and Bulgarians. But, there are many similarities.